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Jargon Buster

We appreciate that sometimes your child may come home from school and use technical words which you may not be familiar with. Here is a list of technical words or phrases which we use at Parklands. 


Verb - A doing/action word e.g. jump, run, skip etc

Adverb - A word used to describe a verb e.g quickly, slowly etc

Adjective - A describing word e.g. shiny, rusty, deep etc

Noun - A naming word for a person or place e.g Tom or The Eiffel Tower.

Conjunction - A word that joins two sentences together e.g and, but, so or because.

Root word - The smallest form of a word e.g small

Suffix - An ending that can be added to a word to change its meaning e.g small(er), bigg(est), swimm(ing) or jump(ed)

Time word - A word/phrase used to indicate when something happened e.g First I brushed my teeth. Then I got dressed. Next I had my breakfast. After that I went to school.

Expanded noun phrase - adjective, adjective noun e.g. huge, fierce Triceratops

Coordinating conjunction - joins two words, phrases or clauses of equal weight (For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So -We call these FANBOYS to help us remember them)


Phonics jargon

Phoneme - the smallest unit of sound in a word eg cat c-a-t has 3 phonemes and so does ship sh-i-p

Digraph - two letters making one sound eg sh, ch, th

Trigraph - three letters making one sound eg igh, ure, ear

Vowel digraph/trigraph - two/three vowels which make one sound eg ay, ee, oa, oo

Split digraph - two letters, split, making one sound eg a-e as in make

Grapheme - a letter or group of letter representing one sound eg a, ch, igh

Blend - this is often known as 'sounding out' and it is when you put sounds together to read a word. In the Read, Write, Inc. programme this is known as 'Fredding' as Fred the frog only speaks on sounds.

Segment - to split up a word into its individual phonemes in order to spell it. In Read, Write, Inc. this is called 'Fred Fingers'.